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Show Notes for Episode 4: The Fog of War

Updated: Nov 2, 2023

The Memory Wars of the 1990s, from Freud to Geraldo

Collage art by Jena Martin, featuing the Sphinx from the painting Oedipus and the Sphinx by Francois-Xavier Fabre 1808

Show Notes

Frederick Crews is a professor emeritus of English at the University of California at Berkeley. His many books include The Critics Bear It Away: American Fiction and the Academy, The Random House Handbook (currently in its sixth edition), and Postmodern Pooh.

Interview, 6/28/2023

The Freudian Cover Up

Mark Pendergrast

Interview 6/14/2023

Quotes from Prodigy, early internet chat room, taken from his book Victims of Memory.

His more recent and comprehensive book on this subject is Mind Warp:

Ms. Magazine Cover Story - Believe it. Cult ritual abuse exists

The article is unavailable on the Ms. Magazine website archives; a PDF copy can be accessed here (2 parts):

Ms. Magazine Surviving Part 1 of 2
Download PDF • 96.66MB

Ms. Magazine Surviving Part 2 of 2
Download PDF • 84.20MB

Trenchant reaction to the Ms. Magazine article (but terrible formatting):

Somehow, other horrifying crimes (for argument's sake, let's imagine the mass slaughter of 11 million Jews, Gypsies, gays, dissidents, and their children) haven't created this widespread psychological block; but a few unsubstantiated accounts of ritualized baby-eating are enough to send legions of experts into psychotic states of "denial." And, yes, I have heard one SRA therapist compare her critics to Holocaust revisionists.

Melody Gavigan’s story of retraction appears in Time Magazine, in an article Lias of the Mind from 1993

Statements from professional organizations disavowing recovered memory therapies: Americal Medical Association

Decision in the Holly Ramona legal case:

Geraldo Rivera, as quoted in The Day Care Ritual Abuse Moral Panic, 2004

-from CNBC 12/12/1995

The False Memory Syndrome Foundation

War of Remembrance, Philadelphia Magazine, January 1994

Pam Freyd Interview with David Calof in Treating Abuse Today 1994

Clips from the Documentary Making Memories used with permission of Patrick Clancy

Access it here:

Pam Freyd’s article, published anonymously: How Could This Happen? Coping with A False Accusation of Incest and Rape, Jane Doe

The Cut chooses Jennifer Freyd


Beware the Incest Survivor Machine, New York Times, Carol Tavris 1993

Cover image collage from

Lilah McCarthy as Jocasta, by Harold Speed, 1907, Victoria and Albert Museum

The tragic story of Oedipus

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